When your prostate gland is bigger than usual, you have an enlarged prostate. It is sometimes referred as BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia. Benign translates as not cancerous. Additionally, hyperplasia denotes excessive cell proliferation.
The prostate gland keeps expanding as an adult grows older. BPH is the most prevalent prostate condition in persons over 50 due to aging. As the prostate grows, it may bump up on the bladder and squeeze the urethra. As a result Urine flow may become slow or stopped completely.
Trying to pass pee through a small urethra may cause the bladder muscle to become weaker over time. When this takes place, Bladder can not be empty completely.
Symptoms of BPH include:
- Having a frequent or urgent need to urinate
- Waking up many times to urinate
- Trouble starting to urinate
- A stream that's weak, slow, or stops and starts
- Dribbling after urination
- Urinary incontinence
- Feeling that you can't completely empty your bladder
- Pain after ejaculation or during urination
- Urine with an unusual color or smell
To identify the enlarged prostate, the following tests may be done:
- Urinary tract and prostate ultrasound.
- Urine tests.
- PSA (prostate-specific antigen test).
- Uroflowmetry & urodynamic tests to examine bladder capacity to store and excrete urine.
- A cystoscopy to examine the Prostate, bladder, and urethra.
- Medicines are used in mild symptoms or small enlargement of the Prostate Gland.
- Surgery is done in cases that don't respond to medication or have severe symptoms, retention of urine, or blood in the urine.
a) KTP Laser:- Commonly called green light laser. It's used for small prostate enlargement.
b) Holmium Laser:- Commonly called red light Laser. It's used for big Prostate Enlargement and the technique is called HoLEP.
c) Bipolar TURP:- Commonly called Saline TURP.
d) UROLIFT:- It's a new and evolving technique used to treat enlarged prostate.
Make an appointment with India's best urologist Dr. Atul Jain for Consultation on your urological issue.
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