When one of your anal glands becomes clogged and infected, this is what happens. What are the symptoms of a perianal abscess? A swollen and tender boil near the edge of your anus is the most common symptom of a perianal abscess. It could be bright red, excruciatingly painful, or throbbing all the time. Sitting down, coughing and pooping may make it hurt worse.
Other signs and symptoms of an anal abscess include:
- Pus-like discharge from the anus.
- Pain in your anus or rectum.
- Lump or nodule that’s red, swollen and painful.
- Constipation or painful bowel movements.
- Irritation of the tissue around your anus.
- Rectal bleeding.
- Pain in the lower part of your abdomen.
- Fever, chills, and other flu-like symptoms can be caused by abscesses. Tests and Treatment
The doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to feel for irregularities. A speculum (a device used to open hollow body parts) may allow your doctor to see your entire rectum. External abscesses may be visible without the use of any tools. However, some abscesses are not visible on the skin's surface or are located deeper within the skin.
- CT scan
- Ultrasound test.
Treatment options for an anal abscess
Anal abscesses rarely go away without treatment from a doctor.
A doctor can drain the pus from the infected area, which is the most common and simple treatment. The doctor will numb the area with medication. Any painful pressure should be relieved to allow the tissue to heal properly. If the anal abscess is extremely large, surgery under anesthesia may be required. In some cases, a catheter may be used to make sure the abscess drains completely. Abscesses that have been drained are typically left open and don’t require stitches.
Treatment following drainage may include:
- Laxatives or fiber supplements.
- Warm baths.
- Follow-up appointments.
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